Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 NM): 62 170 km2 approximately
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: More than 500 000 km2
Technical resources related to MSP
  • Proposal for the Technical and Legal Basis of Ecological Corridors in the Venezuelan Coastal Marine Area
    Coastal Marine Area of Venezuela – Technical Document for the Construction of Ecological Corridors in the Venezuelan Atlantic Front (Ministerio del Poder Popular para el Ecosocialismo y Aguas, 2017)
  • Technical Basis Document for the Delta del Orinoco Biosphere Reserve (CEM Caribe Venezolano, 2017)
  • Technical Basis of the Management Plan and Regulation of Use of the Los Roques Archipelago National Park (CEM Caribe Venezolano, 2017)
  • Biological, ecological and environmental aspects that favor the connectivity of protected areas in marine-coastal spaces (PROJECT 00075653)
  • Best Practices Guide Lessons Learned Marine-Coastal Protected Areas Management (2014)

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Aquaculture Offshore renewable energy
Cables and pipelines Ports
Coastal protection Radars
Fisheries Scientific research
Military Shipping
Nature conservation Tourism and leisure
Oil and gas Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework


Ministry of People’s Power for Ecosocialism – General Directorate of Ecosystem Management and Conservation Policies

Josué Alejandro Lorca Vega –Minister

Last updated: August 2022
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