Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): N/A
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: N/A
National practices
National projects
  • N/A

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Ammunition storage sites Oil and gas
Aquaculture Ports
Cables and pipelines Radars
Coastal protection Scientific research
Fisheries Shipping
Military Tourism and leisure
Mining Underwater cultural heritage
Nature conservation

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

  • Constitution of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (2000) Articles 127, 128 and 129.
  • Coastal Zones Decree with Force of Law (2001) Decree 1,468.
  • Aquatic Spaces Decree with Rank, Value and Force of Organic Law (2008) Decree 6,126.
  • National Strategy for the Conservation of Biological Diversity 2010-2020 and its National Action Plan (2012)
  • Biological Diversity Management Law (2008)
  • Environment Organic Law (2006)
  • Territorial Planning Organic Law (1983)
  • Simón Bolívar National Project, Third Socialist Plan for Economic and Social Development of the Nation 2019 – 2025 (2019)
  • National Policies for the Conservation and Sustainable Development of Coastal Zones (2009)


Ministry of People’s Power for Ecosocialism – General Directorate of Ecosystem Management and Conservation Policies

Mr. Abigail Castillo Carmona – Adjunto (E)

Last updated: December 2021
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