Indonesia: Provincial Plans

(Source: Wikipedia)

Indonesia has 34 provinces, all of them supposed to develop local and provincial MSP plans. 26 of the provinces have already completed their MSP through respective provincial regulations in the framework of:

  • The Law of the Republic of Indonesia n° 1/2014 concerning the amendment to Law n°27/2007 related to the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands
  • The Regulation of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries n°34/2014 concerning Planning Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands

In the majority of cases, the provincial government is the authority in charge of implementing these plans with the support of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, as well as the main source of financing together with other sources (e.g. public agencies, private sector and NGOs). The plans were developed over a period of two to five years depending on the cases, with the main objective to deal with the increasing number of activities taking place within the marine and coastal areas that could potentially lead to conflicts in the utilization of marine resources.

Provincial planning includes the majority of maritime sectors with special attention to those with higher relevancy for the planning area. In all cases, the national law establishes the interaction with stakeholders and those interested in the planning process, including a public review of the plan prior to approval.

The linkages of these plans at provincial level with the current legal framework complement the efforts to increase the productivity of fisheries while ensuring coastal and marine sustainability. These plans also contemplate the option to delineate Marine Protected Areas, though the management plans for MPAs are part of a separate process.

Provincial plans are expected to be reviewed every five years and the monitoring is limited to the implementation of an annual indicator program and the suitability of space allocation.

Which marine spatial plans exist?

The following provincial and local plans are approved and under implementation (in 2020) with management plan actions put in place. Performance monitoring and evaluation are underway:

Province / Planning area

  • Bengkulu / 2,188,197.56 Ha
  • Central Java / 1,830,425.29 Ha
  • Central Kalimantan / 1,580,139.71 Ha
  • Central Sulawesi / 17,517,536.67 Ha
  • DI Yogyakarta / 231,779.63 Ha
  • East Java/  5,141,430.40 Ha
  • East Nusa Tenggara / 129,782,091.00 Ha
  • Gorontalo / 880,694.61 Ha
  • Jambi / 387,237.01 Ha
  • Kep. Bangka Belitung / 4,259,119.34 Ha
  • Lampung / 3,028,653.19 Ha
  • Maluku / 15,669,724.29 Ha
  • North Kalimantan  / 835,260.91 Ha
  • North Maluku  / 8,492,867.13 Ha
  • North Sumatra / 4,371,673.01 Ha
  • North Sulawesi  / 1,403,112.82 Ha
  • South Kalimantan / 2,284,093.89 Ha
  • South Sulawesi / 12,190,541.22 Ha
  • South Sumatra / 803,511.06 Ha
  • Southeast Sulawesi / 5,185,800.87 Ha
  • West Java / 1,517,235.77 Ha
  • West Kalimantan / 3,247,988.93 Ha
  • West Nusa Tenggara / 2,917,312.59 Ha
  • West Papua / 113,082,454.21 Ha
  • West Sulawesi / 11,365,566.08 Ha
  • West Sumatra / 3,792,097.34 Ha
Marine Spatial Planning of Lampung Province
Marine Spatial Planning of Lampung Province

The following management plans are completed but not yet approved:

  • Aceh / 4,392,809.99 Ha
  • Banten / 1,148,672 Ha
  • East Kalimantan / 3,766,295.11 Ha
  • Riau / 2,141,152.46 Ha

The following management plans are still under development, and as such not approved:

  • Bali / 914,428.82 Ha
  • DKI Jakarta / 495,180.14 Ha
  • Kepulauan Riau / 10,654,587.30 Ha

The following management plan is under development with preliminary management actions and performance indicators already identified; performance monitoring and evaluation plan are under development:

  • Papua / 8,845,701.486 Ha
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