Indonesia: Provincial Plans

(Source: Wikipedia)

Indonesia has 34 provinces, all of them supposed to develop local/provincial marine spatial plans. 26 of the provinces have already completed their MSP through respective provincial regulations in the framework of:

  • The Law of the Republic of Indonesia n° 1/2014 concerning the amendment to Law n°27/2007 related to the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands
  • The Regulation of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries n°34/2014 concerning Planning Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands

In the majority of cases, the provincial government is the authority in charge of implementing these plans with the support of the Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries, as well as the main source of financing together with other sources (e.g. public agencies, private sector and NGOs). The plans were developed over a period of two to five years depending on the cases, with the main objective to deal with the increasing number of activities taking place within the marine and coastal areas that could potentially lead to conflicts in the utilization of marine resources.

Provincial planning includes the majority of maritime sectors with special attention to those with higher relevancy for the planning area. In all cases, the national law establishes the interaction with stakeholders and those interested in the planning process, including a public review of the plan prior to approval.

The linkages of these plans at provincial level with the current legal framework complement the efforts to increase the productivity of fisheries while ensuring coastal and marine sustainability. These plans also contemplate the option to delineate Marine Protected Areas, though the management plans for MPAs are part of a separate process.

Provincial plans are expected to be reviewed every five years and the monitoring is limited to the implementation of an annual indicator program and the suitability of space allocation.

Which marine spatial plans exist?

The following provincial and local plans are approved and under implementation (in 2020) with management plan actions put in place. Performance monitoring and evaluation are underway:

Province / Planning area

  • Bengkulu / 2,188,197.56 Ha
  • Central Java / 1,830,425.29 Ha
  • Central Kalimantan / 1,580,139.71 Ha
  • Central Sulawesi / 17,517,536.67 Ha
  • DI Yogyakarta / 231,779.63 Ha
  • East Java/  5,141,430.40 Ha
  • East Nusa Tenggara / 129,782,091.00 Ha
  • Gorontalo / 880,694.61 Ha
  • Jambi / 387,237.01 Ha
  • Kep. Bangka Belitung / 4,259,119.34 Ha
  • Lampung / 3,028,653.19 Ha
  • Maluku / 15,669,724.29 Ha
  • North Kalimantan  / 835,260.91 Ha
  • North Maluku  / 8,492,867.13 Ha
  • North Sumatra / 4,371,673.01 Ha
  • North Sulawesi  / 1,403,112.82 Ha
  • South Kalimantan / 2,284,093.89 Ha
  • South Sulawesi / 12,190,541.22 Ha
  • South Sumatra / 803,511.06 Ha
  • Southeast Sulawesi / 5,185,800.87 Ha
  • West Java / 1,517,235.77 Ha
  • West Kalimantan / 3,247,988.93 Ha
  • West Nusa Tenggara / 2,917,312.59 Ha
  • West Papua / 113,082,454.21 Ha
  • West Sulawesi / 11,365,566.08 Ha
  • West Sumatra / 3,792,097.34 Ha
Marine Spatial Planning of Lampung Province
Marine Spatial Planning of Lampung Province

The following plans are completed but not yet approved:

  • Aceh / 4,392,809.99 Ha
  • Banten / 1,148,672 Ha
  • East Kalimantan / 3,766,295.11 Ha
  • Riau / 2,141,152.46 Ha

The following plans are still under development, and as such not approved:

  • Bali / 914,428.82 Ha
  • DKI Jakarta / 495,180.14 Ha
  • Kepulauan Riau / 10,654,587.30 Ha

The following plan is under development with preliminary management actions and performance indicators already identified; performance monitoring and evaluation plan are under development:

  • Papua / 8,845,701.486 Ha
Last updated: July 2022
Disclaimer: The illustrative maps of this national profile do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Links to other sites are provided for information only.
We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
Start typing to see posts you are looking for.
  • * indicates required

    MSPglobal will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.

    Please let us know all the ways you would like to hear from us:

    You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of any email you receive from us or by contacting us at

    We will treat your information with respect. For more information about our privacy practices, please visit our website.

    We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here.