Indonesia

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Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): 290,000 km2
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: 3,000,000 km2
  • Continental shelf: 2,800,000 km2
  • Contiguous zone: 270,000 km2
  • Inland and archipelagic waters: 3,110,000 km2
  • Total of Indonesian waters: 6.400.000 km2
  • Coastline: 108,000 km
  • Number of islands: 17,504 islands
National projects
  • N/A

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Shipping Ports
Oil and gas Mining
Nature conservation Fisheries
Aquaculture Military
Scientific research Coastal protection
Ammunition storage sites Cables and pipelines
Tourism and leisure Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

  • National Marine Spatial Plan (see below)

Legal framework

  • The Law of the Republic of Indonesia n° 32/2014 on Marine Affairs requires the Central Government to develop and implement National Marine Spatial Planning and MSP for marine regions, which include Interregional Zoning Plans, National Strategic Areas Zoning Plans, and Particular National Strategic Areas (the Outermost Islands) Zoning Plans
  • The Law of the Republic of Indonesia n° 27/2007 jo No. 1/2014 on the Management of Coastal Areas and Small Islands requires Provincial Governments to develop and implement Zoning Plans for Coastal Areas and Small Islands
  • The Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia n° 32/2019 on (National) Marine Spatial Plans, which includes:
    • Planning policies and strategies for the territorial and jurisdictional waters of Indonesia
    • Marine spatial structure plan for the territorial and jurisdictional waters of Indonesia
    • Marine spatial pattern plan for the territorial and jurisdictional waters of Indonesia
    • Establishment of Interregional Areas, National Strategic Areas, and Particular National Strategic Areas
    • The directive for marine spatial use
    • The directive for controlling marine spatial use
  • All the MSP of marine regions will be established and enacted through Presidential Regulations (some of the MSP are in the final stage of legislation process)
  • All the Zoning Plans for Coastal Areas and Small Islands (Provincial MSP) will be established and enacted through Regional Regulations (26 of 34 provinces have already enacted their MSP)

Contact

Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries

Mr. Suharyanto – Director of Marine Spatial Planning

Gedung Mina Bahari III Lantai 9, Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur, Jakarta Pusat
Jakarta, Indonesia

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