Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Offshore renewable energy Shipping
Ports Oil and gas
Mining Nature conservation
Fisheries Aquaculture
Military Scientific research
Coastal protection Ammunition storage sites
Cables and pipelines Traditional uses (Indigenous)
Tourism and leisure Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

The primary legal basis supporting MSP in Canada is the Oceans Act (1996), which requires the development and implementation of plans for the integrated management of Canada’s coastal and marine environment. Though the Oceans Act does not make specific mention of marine spatial planning, since the time this legislation came into force, spatial plans have become one of the primary vehicles used to advance the implementation of integrated oceans management. In the Canadian legislative context, these integrated management/spatial planning processes and their resulting outputs will not replace existing regulatory processes, but will offer a complementary process to advance cross-sector planning.


Fisheries and Oceans Canada

Mr. Jeff MacDonald – Director General, Marine Planning and Conservation

200 Kent Street
Ottawa, Canada

Last updated: June 2020
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