South Africa


Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): 22 km2
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: 1.5 Million km2
Strategic documents related to MSP
  • Marine Spatial Planning Act, Act No. 16 of 2018
  • Marine Spatial Planning Framework
  • National Data and Information Report for Marine Spatial Planning
  • The Approach to a Spatial Management System for South Africa’s Marine Planning Areas
Technical resources related to MSP
  • Marine Spatial Planning Viewer
  • Marine Spatial Planning Decision Support tool (Currently limited to planning members)
  • WIO Symphony MSP tool (Currently being developed and will be limited to planning members)
Relevant MSP projects
  • The development of Marine Sector Plans 2022/23
  • The development of Four Marine Area Plans (To start in April 2023)
  • The Benguela Current Convention MSP Transboundary Project (Currently being undertaken until September 2022)

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Ammunition storage sites Offshore renewable energy
Aquaculture Oil and Gas
Cables and pipelines Ports
Coastal protection Scientific research
Fisheries Shipping
Military Tourism and Leisure
Mining Underwater Cultural Heritage
Nature conservation

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

  • Marine Spatial Planning Act, 2018
  • Marine Spatial Planning Act, Act no 16 of 2018 is in force


National Department of Forestry, Fisheries and the Environment

Moses Ramakulukusha – Control Environmental Officer: Marine Spatial Planning

Last updated: June 2022
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