Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Aquaculture Oil and Gas
Cables and pipelines Ports
Coastal protection Radars
Fisheries Scientific research
Military Shipping
Mining Tourism and Leisure
Nature conservation Underwater Cultural Heritage
Offshore renewable energy

Which marine spatial plans exist?

  • Constituent countries:
  • The Netherlands:

Legal framework

Legislation for Maritime Spatial Planning is in place for the Dutch North Sea. It is part of the National Water Act, which dictates a National Water Plan to be drafted every six years. Ecosystem-based MSP shall build on the Marine Strategy and a program of measures to ensure good environmental status of the sea. The National Water Plan ensures taking into account all relevant Land-Sea Interactions.

For various sectoral interest, specific legislation is in place, for instance the Electricity Law regulating offshore renewable electricity to be landed, or the Common Fisheries Policy of the EU for sustainable fisheries.

More information can be found here.


Ministry for Infrastructure and Water Management

Lodewijk Abspoel Senior Policy Advisor EU IMP, MSP and North Sea

Last updated: June 2022
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