Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial Sea (12 NM):
    • North Sea: Approximately 12 100 km²
    • Baltic Sea: Approximately 9 300 km²
  • Exclusive Economic Zone:
    • North Sea: Approximately 28 500 km²
    • Baltic Sea: approximately 4 500 km²

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Aquaculture Offshore renewable energy
Cables and pipelines Oil and Gas
Coastal protection Ports
Fisheries Scientific research
Military Shipping
Mining Tourism and Leisure
Nature conservation Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

  • Federal States:
  • Federal Government:

Legal framework

Federal Spatial Planning Act, amended in 2017 to include MSP.


Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency

Dr. Kai Trümpler – Head of Unit Maritime Spatial Planning

Last updated: June 2022
Disclaimer: The illustrative map of this national profile does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Links to other sites are provided for information only.
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