Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial Sea (12 NM): in the North Sea, approximately 12 100 km²; in the Baltic Sea, approximately 9 300 km²
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: in the North Sea, approximately 28 500 km²; in the Baltic Sea, approximately 4 500 km²

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Mining Fisheries
Aquaculture Coastal protection
Shipping Underwater cultural heritage
Scientific research Cables and pipelines
Military Nature conservation
Offshore renewable energy Oil and Gas
Tourism and Leisure Ports

Which marine spatial plans exist?

  • Federal Marine Spatial Plan (see below)

Legal framework

Revision of the maritime spatial plans:
The revision of the current maritime spatial plans was initiated in June 2019. According to § 8 of the Federal Regional Planning Act (ROG), a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the maritime spatial plan is required. This involves preparing an environmental report that describes and assesses the likely significant impacts of implementing the maritime spatial plan on the marine environment. At the beginning of the SEA process, the content, scope and level of detail of the environmental report are defined within the scope of the assessment. In addition, a status report on spatial planning has been drawn up.

The relevant legislation for MSP for the EEZ is the Federal Spatial Planning Act; amended in 2017 to include MSP.


Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency

Mr. Kai Trümpler – Head of Unit Maritime Spatial Planning

Last updated: June 2022
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