Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): 40,817 km²
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: 29,078 km²

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Offshore renewable energy Shipping
Ports Nature conservation
Fisheries Aquaculture
Military Scientific research
Ammunation storage sites Radars
Cables and pipelines Tourism and leisure
Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

The European Union’s Maritime Spatial Planning Directive was transposed into Finnish law in 2016. MSP regulations are given as a part of the Land Use and Building Act, which is the most important act to steer land use, spatial planning and construction. Nonetheless, MSP is not part of the land use planning system of Finland. Maritime spatial plans are general, non-binding plans drafted and approved by the Regional Councils.

A national maritime spatial planning coordination group has been established to develop maritime spatial plans and the planning process. Group members are representatives of coastal Regional Councils, Åland Island and the Ministry of the Environment. The aim of the group is to facilitate coherence of the Finnish maritime spatial plans and to take care of participation and cooperation needed in drafting the plans.


Ministry of the Environment

Ms. Tiina Tihlman Ministerial Advisor

PO Box 35, FI-00023 Government, Finland

Last updated: April 2020
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