United States of America


Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Offshore renewable energy Military
Shipping Scientific research
Ports Coastal protection
Oil and Gas Ammunition storage sites
Mining Cables and pipelines
Nature conservation Tourism and Leisure
Fisheries Underwater Cultural Heritage
Aquaculture Radars

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

There is no formal overarching Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) process, legal framework or founding legislation in the United States. There are many laws and tribal treaties that relate to area-based management, including those governing offshore energy development, fishing, ocean transportation and marine protected areas.


The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Joseph Naughton– Program Analyst

Last updated: July 2022
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