Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): N/A
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: N/A
National practices
  • Marine Functional Zoning Management Regulations
  • Sea Area Use Rights Management Regulations
National projects
  • N/A

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Offshore renewable energy Shipping
Ports Oil and gas
Mining Nature conservation
Fisheries Aquaculture
Military Scientific research
Coastal protection Cables and pipelines
Tourism and leisure Underwater cultural heritage

Which marine spatial plans exist?

  • National Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
  • Provincial Marine Functional Zoning, including
    • Liaoning Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Hebei Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Tianjin Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Shandong Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Jiangsu Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Shanghai Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Zhejiang Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Fujian Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Guangdong Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
    • Hainan Province Marine Functional Zoning (2011-2020)
  • About 60 city (county) level Marine Functional Zonings

Legal framework

The Law of the People’s Republic of China on the Administration of the Use of Sea Areas forms the fundamental basis of China’s sea area management and establishes the basic management system of China’s sea area management. This law confirms the legal status of Marine Functional Zoning (MFZ) in China. When any organization or individual submits a sea use application to the government, they must comply with MFZ.

The Marine Environmental Protection Law of the P.R.C stipulates that the preparation of a marine environmental protection plan should be in accordance with MFZ; the development and utilization of marine resources shall be rationally arranged in accordance with MFZ.

The Sea Island Protection Law of the P.R.C stipulates that in accordance with the national economic and social development plan and national MFZ, organize the compilation of national offshore Islands protection plan.


Ministry of Natural Resources (State Oceanic Administration)

No. 64 Funeidajie, Xicheng District
Beijing, People’s Republic of China

Last updated: June 2020
Disclaimer: The illustrative map of this national profile does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Links to other sites are provided for information only.
We use cookies to improve your experience on our website. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies.
Start typing to see posts you are looking for.
  • * indicates required

    MSPglobal will use the information you provide on this form to be in touch with you and to provide updates and marketing.

    Please let us know all the ways you would like to hear from us:

    You can unsubscribe at any time by clicking the link in the footer of any email you receive from us or by contacting us at

    We will treat your information with respect. For more information about our privacy practices, please visit our website.

    We use Mailchimp as our marketing platform. By clicking below to subscribe, you acknowledge that your information will be transferred to Mailchimp for processing. Learn more about Mailchimp’s privacy practices here.