Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Ports Shipping
Cables and pipelines Oil and gas
Military Mining
Fisheries Aquaculture
Coastal protection Scientific research
Nature conservation Tourism and leisure

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

Specifically, there is not yet, but there is an ongoing proposal to develop general guidelines for its application in the coastal and marine zone. This work is being carried out by a multisectoral technical team with all hierarchical levels of the State.

National Maritime Policy, Supreme Decree No. 012-2019-DE:


  • Strengthen Peru’s influence in international maritime affairs
  • Strengthen productive activities in the maritime field in a rational and sustainable manner
  • Increase trade in a sustainable and diversified manner in the maritime field
  • Ensure the sustainability of resources and ecosystems in the maritime area
  • Strengthen security in the maritime sector

Bicentennial Plan, Supreme Decree No. 054-2011 PCM:

The Bicentennial Plan considers a strategic program of national scope, the “Program of Integrated Management of Coastal Marine Areas”, with the following expected results:

  • Greater articulation in the actions of the three levels of government and national sectors in the coastal marine areas
  • Sustainability of economic activities
  • Promotion of food security
  • Management and planning of coastal marine areas
  • Conflict resolution
  • Conservation and sustainable use of coastal marine natural resources

General Environmental Act, Law No. 26861:

The State promotes the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems as areas that provide natural resources, a source of marine biological diversity and environmental services of national, regional and local importance.

National Environmental Policy, Supreme Decree No. 012-2019 (Ministry of Environment):

Establishes in the Policy Guidelines for Coastal Marine Ecosystems the need to strengthen integrated management of coastal marine areas and their resources with an ecosystem-based approach.

National Environmental Action Plan (PLANAA PERÚ 2011-2021), Supreme Decree No. 014-2011 (Ministry of Environment):

Manage coastal marine areas in an integrated manner.

Guidelines for the Integrated Management of Coastal Marine Areas, Ministerial Resolution No. 189-2015 (Ministry of Environment):

Strengthen the environmental management of marine coastal areas through the implementation of a planning process that allows economic and sustainable growth of marine coastal areas and their environment, taking advantage of natural resources and ecosystem services provided by these areas in a sustainable manner.

Procedure for the Formulation of the Integrated Management Plan for Coastal Marine Areas, Ministerial Resolution No. 208-2019 (Ministry of Environment):

Phases for the formulation:

  • Preparation: establishment of enabling conditions at regional and national level
  • Planning: analysis of the problem situation and definition of the proposal for change
  • Approval: formulation of requirements and approval of the Plan


Directorate of Hydrography and Navigation

Rear Admiral Cesar Emilio Zelada Levy – Director of Hydrography and Navigation

Last updated: June 2022
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