Colombia

countryprofle_colombia_map

Country information

Basic facts on marine waters
  • Territorial sea (12 nm zone): N/A
  • Exclusive Economic Zone: N/A
National projects
  • To date, there is no project implemented or under implementation in Colombia

Overview of MSP related maritime uses

Current main uses:

Shipping Oil and gas
Ports Nature conservation
Fisheries Aquaculture
Cables and pipelines Scientific research
Military Tourism and leisure
Underwater cultural heritage Coastal protection

Which marine spatial plans exist?

Legal framework

Political Constitution of Colombia:

  • Article 80: The State will plan the management and use of the natural resources, to guarantee its sustainable development, its conservation, restoration or substitution. In addition, it shall prevent and control the factors of environmental deterioration, impose legal sanctions and demand the reparation of the damage caused. Likewise, it will cooperate with other nations in the protection of ecosystems located in border areas

Decree Law n° 2324 of 1984, By which the General Maritime and Port Directorate is reorganized:

  • Article 2°. Jurisdiction. The General Maritime and Port Directorate exercises its jurisdiction up to the external limit of the exclusive economic zone, in the following areas: internal maritime waters, including intercostal and maritime traffic channels; and all those marine and fluvial-marine systems; territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone, marine bed and subsoil, supra-adjacent waters, coasts, including beaches and low tide lands, ports of the country located in its jurisdiction, islands, islets and cays and over the rivers listed below, in the areas indicated (…)
  • Article 3°. Maritime activities. For the purposes of this Decree are considered maritime activities those related to: (…)
    • 18. The administration and development of the coastal zone
  • Article 5°. Functions and powers. The General Maritime Directorate has the following functions: (…)
    • 21. Authorize and control the concessions and permits in waters, low tide lands, beaches and other public properties in the areas of its jurisdiction
    • 22. Regulate, authorize and control the construction and use of the islands and artificial structures in the areas of its jurisdiction (…)
    • 26. Authorize and control dredging, filling and other ocean engineering works in low tide lands, beaches and other public properties in the areas of its jurisdiction
    • 27. Advance and rule investigations for the violation of merchant marine regulations, for maritime accidents, for the violation of cargo reservation regulations, for the contamination of the marine and fluvial environment of its jurisdiction, for undue or non authorized constructions in the public properties and lands submitted to the jurisdiction of the General Maritime Directorate, and impose the corresponding sanctions (…)

Resolution n° 0825 of 1994, By which the limits of jurisdiction of the port authorities are established

CONPES 3990, “Colombia Sustainable Bioceanic Power 2030”:

  • 4.3.4. Planning and management of marine, coastal and insular spaces Line of action 4.1. Generate instruments for the management of maritime and territorial planning:
    In order to have relevant land management tools for coastal, marine and insular spaces that allow the use of their natural resources, the management of activities in the coastal and marine area and the benefits of connection with other countries, the following actions will be carried out. On the one hand, the National Planning Department (DNP), as technical secretariat of the Commission for Territorial Planning (COT) and entities of the COT, in coordination with DIMAR and other entities that make up the Colombian Ocean Commission (CCO), will make recommendations on the planning of coastal, marine and insular spaces to be included in the General Policy for Territorial Planning (PGOT). This action will be carried out between 2020 and December 2022. On the other hand, the DIMAR, in coordination with the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development and the Ministry of Housing, City and Territory, will formulate orientation documents for coastal marine spatial planning in the jurisdiction of each of its 13 port authorities. This action will be carried out from 2020 until December 2030.
    At the same time, DIMAR and the Ministry of Housing, City and Territory, as the leading institution for territorial planning and in coordination with other entities participating in the COT, will evaluate the scope and define the articulation of these documents with other planning and management instruments, as well as their formalization by updating current regulations that are considered relevant (…)

Contact

General Maritime Directorate

Mr. Juan Francisco Herrera – General Maritime Director

Carrera 54 No. 26-50 CAN
Bogota, Colombia

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